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The Bishop, The Eparch, and The King: Old Nubian texts from Qasr Ibrim (P. QI4)
(The Journal of Juristic Papyrology Supplements) by Giovanni Ruffini
Series: The Journal of Juristic Papyrology Supplements
Hardcover: 350 pages
Publisher: Journal of Juristic Papyrology (November 1, 2014)
Review in BMCR
Giovanni R. Ruffini, The Bishop, the Eparch, and the King: Old Nubian Texts from Qasr Ibrim (P. QI 4). Journal of Juristic Papyrology supplements, 22. Warsaw: Journal of Juristic Papyrology, 2014. Pp. xiv, 367. ISBN 9788393842513. $70.00.
Reviewed by Vincent W.J. van Gerven Oei, Centre for Modern Thought, University of Aberdeen (email@example.com)
Giovanni Ruffini here brings us the fourth volume of Old Nubian material from the excavations at Qasr Ibrim, more than twenty years after the first three publications by Plumley and Browne.1 This large volume of previously unpublished material, which also forms the documentary backbone to Ruffini's study Medieval Nubia: A Social and Economic History,2 gathers in it a wide selection of documentary materials including land-sales, letters, a royal decree, and accounts, dating mainly from the twelfth century and providing many new insights into the historical, social, and economical context of the multilingual community of Qasr Ibrim, one of the important centers of medieval Nubian culture.
In his introduction, Ruffini first offers a short background of the Old Nubian Qasr Ibrim material and its publication history. The section “Historical Commentary” builds on the preliminary analyses of the material in Medieval Nubia, pointing out several interesting new insights into the political structure of medieval Nubia and details about its economical and fiscal system such as the first attestation of the gold dinar in Old Nubian (108.113). The organization of the documentary material is made according to genre and origin: texts from Qasr Ibrim Archive 1, mainly containing land-sales written on scrolls found in a jar; texts from Archive 4, which are all letters; and finally—save for a royal decree by King Siti, a bilingual Greek-Old Nubian literary document, presumably by a certain bishop Iōannēs, and two miscellaneous texts—a large remainder of letters and accounts.
etc. at BMCR
Live Science (the edition by Brice Jones is forthcoming in BASP)
Studies on the Chester Beatty Kephalaia Codex
Iain Gardner, University of Sydney,
Jason BeDuhn Northern Arizona University and
Paul Dilley, University of Iowa
In Mani at the Court of the Persian Kings the authors explore evidence arising from their project to edit the Chester Beatty Kephalaia codex. This new text presents Mani at the heart of Sasanian Iran in dialogue with its sages and nobles, acting as a cultural mediator between East and West and interpreter of Christian, Iranian, and Indian traditions. Nine chapters study Mani’s appropriation of the ‘law of Zarades’ and of Iranian epic; suggest a new understanding of his last days; and analyse his formative role in the history of late antique religions.
These interdisciplinary studies advance research in several fields and will be of interest to scholars of Manichaeism, Sasanian Iran, and the development of religions in Late Antiquity.
Publication Date: November 2014
Copyright Year: 2015
Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies
Iain Gardner, An Introduction to the Chester Beatty Kephalaia Codex
PART A: Studies on the Manichaean Kephalaia
Paul Dilley, Mani’s Wisdom at the Court of the Persian Kings: The Genre and Context of the Chester Beatty Kephalaia
Jason David BeDuhn, Parallels between Coptic and Iranian Kephalaia: Goundesh and the King of Touran
Iain Gardner, The Final Ten Chapters
PART B: New Sources from the Chester Beatty Codex
Paul Dilley, Also Schrieb Zarathustra? Mani as Interpreter of the ‘Law of Zarades’
Jason David BeDuhn, Iranian Epic in the Chester Beatty Kephalaia
Iain Gardner, Mani’s Last Days.
Map and Table of Place Names
PART C: Manichaeism and the History of Religions
Paul Dilley, ‘Hell Exists, and We have Seen the Place Where It Is’: Rapture and Religious Competition in Sasanian Iran
Jason David BeDuhn, Mani and the Crystallization of the Concept of ‘Religion’ in Third Century Iran